sunnuntai 31. heinäkuuta 2016

Kesäinen Kuressaari - puistoja, puutaloja, mukulakivikatuja, merenrantaa, oopperaa, historiaa




Katunäkymä Kuressaarssa. Kuvat: Sirpa Pääkkönen
Kesääni on kohta kymmenen vuotta kuulunut viikon matka Kuressaareen. Useille virolaisille ja suomalaisille Viron kesäpääkaupunki on Pärnu, mutta minulle se on Kuressaari, Saarenmaan kaunis ja romanttinen pääkaupunki.

Siellä mukulakivet  mutkittelevat 1700-luvulla ja 1800-luvulla rakennettujen puutalojen välissä.
Pienet puutarhat ja ruusutarhat koristavat taloja. Keskustorilla kohoaa muutama arvorakennus 1600-luvulta: raatihuone ja vaakahuone. Vaakahuoneen hauskannäköinen  julkisivu on rakennettu porrasmaisesti dolomiittikivestä.

Kuressaari säilyi historiallisessa asussa, koska Saarenmaa oli sotilastukikohta, kun Viro kuului Neuvostoliittoon. Mantereelta sinne pääsi, jos sukulaiset lähettivät kutsun. Passi piti olla mukana. 

Keskusaukion vieressä torilla käsityöläiset, puutarhurit ja marjanpoimijat kauppaavat tuotteitaan. Ostakaa, ostakaa litra mansikkaa, virolainen villapaita tai puinen pannunalusta, halvalla menee, virolaiset houkuttelevat asiakkaita lähes Etelä-Euroopan tyyliin. Kesällä on saatava tuotteita kaupaksi, koska talvella saari hiljenee, kun matkailijat ja kesäasukkaat lähtevät.
Vaakahuone 1600-luvulta.

Kuressaaren tärkein nähtävyys on vallihautojen ympäröimä Piispanlinna 1300-luvulta. Osa linnasta toimii museona. Siellä voi tutustua Viron historiaan eri vuosisadoilla. Aina heinäkuussa linnan pihalle rakennetaan suuri teltta oopperajuhlien näyttämöksi. Kansainväliset oopperaseurueet vierailevat Kuressaaressa. Siellä on käynyt myös suomalaisia oopperalaulajia kuten Karita Mattila ja Monica Groop.

Kuressaaressa voi kävellä vanhoissa puistoissa, joissa kasvaa jaloja lehtipuita. Linnan ympärille perustettiin Linnanpuisto 1860-luvulla. Siellä on rantapaviljonki ja laululava. Kauniisti remontoitu puinen rantapaviljonki valmistui 1889. Kesäisin laululavalla järjestetään konsertteja.

Kuressaarta kehitettiin kylpyläkaupungiksi jo 1800-luvulla. Sieltä sai terveellistä mutaa, jota käytettiinkylpylähoidoissa. Nykyään Kuresaaressa on seitsemän kylpylää.


Saarenmaalla on helppo liikkua omalla autolla, mutta pimeällä kannattaa varoa villieläimiä. Kun heinäkuussa ajoimme puolen yön maissa naapurisaarelta Muhusta Kuresaareen, vastaan tuli kolme kaurista, kaksi hirveä, keskellä tietä ihmettelevän näköisenä istunut kettu ja tielle loikannut sammakko. Olen nähnyt myös villisian tallustavan keskellä tietä.
Piispanlinna,

Kuresaaresta kannattaa ajaa ainakin saaren eteläkärkeen Sõrvesäären majakalle seuramaan selkeänä päivänä upeaa auringonlaskua. Majakka on entisöity museoksi, ja siellä voi tutustua merenkulkuun.

Lähellä majakkaa on sotamuseo. Sotahistoriasta kiinnostuneille Saarenmaalla ja naapurisaarella Hiidenmaalla on nähtävää, koska saarilla on säilynyt sekä ensimmäisen että toisen maailmansodan aikaisia bunkkereita ja juoksuhautoja. Saksalaiset ja venäläiset taistelivat saarilla molemmissa sodissa. Saarenmaalla on saksalaisten hautausmaa ja sodassa kaatuneiden venäläisten muistomerkki.

Saarenmaalla voi viettää myös aktiivilomaa. Olen osallistunut lukuisia kertoja  kesäkursseille, joita löytyy osoitteesta Kurssille.com. Kursseilla voi opiskella muun muassa valokuvausta ja viron kieltä.
Piispanlinna 1300-luvulta.

Puutalo Piispanlinnan vieressä toimii hotellina.

Bunkkeri Saarenmaalla.

Vanhaa sotilasajoneuvoa säilytetään Hiidenmaan sotamuseossa.

Paviljonki Linnapuistossa on rakennettu 1800-luvulla.


torstai 28. heinäkuuta 2016

Sampy, самый известный кот в Финляндии, дает интервью



Могу сказать, что самый известный кот в Финляндии  - это Сямпю (Sampy), по крайней мере, я так считаю. Он  - хорошо известная  персона в Facebook.

Я стал поклонником Sampy относительно поздно, уже тогда, когда у него появилось больше десяти тысяч подписчиков. Я осознал, что готов выразить свое восхищение, поставив лайк на Facebook. Так что теперь я могу ходить в лесные туры вместе с Sampy, следуя за его проворными прыжками и пушистым хвостом.

Я решил обратиться к Sampy и попросить у него интервью. Я хотел узнать немного больше о коте, который очаровал меня и более 15 000 других поклонников. Для Финляндии это большое количество поклонников, потому что Финляндия -  маленькая страна в северной части Европы, всего 5,4 миллиона жителей.

Я отправил вопросы Sampy, и он написал ответы своими маленькими лапками. Я ничего не изменил в ответах, только перевел, потому что он пока не говорит по-русски. Вот что он ответил.

Какой ты породы, и где  живешь?


"Я обычная кошка, и я живу на севере города Оулу, в деревне Kalime,  здесь достаточно места для кошки, чтобы бегать и двигаться."

Расскажи о твоих любимых занятиях
.

"Мое любимое хобби - это охота. Я охочусь на мышей и кротов. Я хотел бы ловить и птичек, но они слишком быстрые. Я также клюблю ходить в лес вместе  с моим секретарем и играть с моей подругой-кошкой Элемер."

Твое любимое блюдо?

"каждый день  я ем сухой и влажный корм, мясо и рыбу сейчас и потом. Лучше всего масло, это моя самая большая слабость. Иногда  я получаю небольшую ложку сливочного масла. Аааах! И да, я слышу, когда открывают коробку с маслом."

У тебя есть друзья?

"Мои лучшие друзья - две кошки-сестры, Нелли и Элмер. Я хорошо дружу с Elmer, но Нелли такая быстрая и командирша, что иногда мы цапаемся."

Расскажи немного о твоем секретаре, который описывает вас и говорит на Facebook о вас.

"Секретарь - моя слуга и помощник. Все время она тыкает в меня своей камерой. Утром она обычно исчезает куда-то, хотя она делает завтрак для нас кошек прежде, чем уходит. Такой обычный она человек. Давайте лучше говорить обо мне, а не о ней".

 Где и как вы спите?

"Я хотел бы спать на улице, прямо в траве, если погода хорошая. В доме я люблю лежать на диване, а иногда и на верхней части холодильника, может быть я посплю и в сауне, когда там не слишком жарко."

Как ты проводишь лето?

"Летом я буду здесь рядом с хозяевами. Я буду отдавать приказы другим кошкам и мышам по соседству".

Это правда, что осенью выйдет книга о тебе?


"В сентябре они публикуют книгу, где я отвечаю на эти и многие другие вопросы. Это фото-книга, но я также расскажу мои рассказы. Книга описывает меня круглый год, все сезоны."


tiistai 26. heinäkuuta 2016

Tartu Toy Museum is a charming place to visit for people of all ages - toys tell also about the Estonian history

The nursery of a wealthy citizen from the beginning of the 20th century. Photos: Sirpa Pääkkönen
Tartu is a very charming small town in Estonia with the Old Town where the buildings represent classicism and are renovated very well. Besides the Old Town you can wander in the old wood house  parts of the city. In Tartu there are a lot of museums, hills and the river Ema crosses the city..

What I’d like to recommend seeing in Tartu besides the architecture is the Toy Museum in Tartu’s Old Town. It’s not only toys but also history what you can sense there, because the toys reflect the many changes Estonia has experienced throughout centuries.
Toys from Soviet time.

The permanent exhibition of the Tartu Toy Museum is on display in three old houses. The exhibition features living pictures of dolls and toys with which children have played throughout the ages: the porcelain dolls, tin soldiers, stone blocks and old teddy bears of city kids, the wood-carved animals and tools of country kids, rag dolls and trick toys, nostalgic paper dolls and board games.
A family at the doll house.

A special display to see is the 1950s and 1960s’ composition and celluloid dolls, rubber toys and handmade vehicles, the 1970s and 1980s’ toys made by the Norma, Salvo and Polümeer factories, and the 1990s and 2000s’ animation heroes and dolls that have gained a cult status.

In addition, there are displays of artist-made dolls, the traditional toys and souvenir dolls of various nations of the world, copies of medieval toys and a rare collection of Estonian film dolls and puppets.

The Tartu Toy Museum was opened on 1994.  By the end of 2003, Tartu Toy Museum moved into an old wooden house in Lutsu Street, which was specially renovated for the museum.

The Toy Museum’s house is one of the oldest surviving wood buildings in Tartu. It was built at the beginning of 1770s and presents elements from both late baroque and classicism. The house was first used by Russian church and later as the school of Tartu garrison. Still later the building passed on to private owners. In 1998 the town bought the house for the Toy Museum. It was renovated in 2002-2003 to look like it did back in the 18th century.

The world of the 20th toys.
The address is Lutsu St. 8, and the museum is open Wednesday – Sunday 11 a.m. – 6 p.m.
The Toy Museum's house was built at the beginning of 1770s.

torstai 21. heinäkuuta 2016

Sämpy is the most famous cat in Finland - here he gives an interview

Sämpy in his home forest. Photos: Sämpy's secretary

I tell you, the most famous cat in Finland is Sämpy, or at least I believe so. He is a well known public figure in Facebook.
I became a fan of Sämpy relatively late, only when already a lot more than ten thousand admirers had raised thumbs to Sämpy on his Facebook page. Finally, I realized myself to show my admiration with my thumb to  Sämpy on Facebook. So  I am able to follow the Sämpy’s  agile leap, furry tail and forest tours.

I decided to approach Sämpy and asked him an interview. I wanted to understand a little bit more about the cat, which has charmed me, and more than 15 000 other successors. In Finland that is a big number of admirers, because Finland is small country in the Northern part of Europa, 5,4 million inhabitants we have.
I send questions to Sämpy and he has written the answers with his small paws. I haven’t changed anything of his replies, only translated. He doesn't speak English, yet. This is how he replies.

What breed of cat you are and where do you live?
"I’m a land race cat and I live in the north of Oulu at the village of Kalime, which still in the countryside, here we have space for a cat to run and move around."

Tell about your favorite activities.
"My favorite hobby is hunting. I hunt mice and moles. I’d like to catch also birds, but they are too raid and fast. I also like attending with my secretary of forest trips and play with my cat friend Elemer. "

What is your favorite food?
"I eat every day  dry food and wet food, meat and salmon every now and then. Best of all is butter, that’s my biggest delicacy. Ssometimes I get a  small dollop of butter. Aaaaah.  And yes, I hear when the butter box will be opened.”

Do you have friends?
"My cat mates are two sisters, Nelli and Elmer. I get along easily with Elmer, but Nelli is such a speeder and boss that sometimes our skis will be crossed.”

Tell us a little about your secretary, who describes you and tells on Facebook about you.
"The secretary is my servant  and maid. All the time she is pointing me with her camera.  In the morning she usually will fade somewhere, of course she makes a breakfast for us cats before she leaves. Such a standard person she is. Let’s talk about me instead of her.”

 Where and how do you sleep?
"I like to sleep outside, even in the middle of grasses if the weather is good. Inside I use to lay on sofa and  sometimes on top of the refrigerator, might be I sleep also in sauna, whenever it’s not too hot.”

How do you spend your summer?
"In the summer I’ll be the boss here nearby. I’ll give orders to the other cats and mice of the neighborhood.”

What kind of book you have coming in the autumn?

"In September they publish a book, where I answer to these and many other questions. It’s a photo book, but I will also tell my stories. The book describes me a year round, all seasons.”

torstai 14. heinäkuuta 2016

Women’s dresses with corset and crinolines – Kumu museum at Tallinn shows how wealthy women dressed up at the Victorian era


Greenish tartan taffeta dress with train decorated with dark green stripes and buttons. Europa, about 1860. Photos: Sirpa Pääkkönen

If you are interested in the history of women’s mode, at the museum of Kumu in Tallinn. you’ll find a good collection of Victorian style mode. The exhibition shows how wealthy women dressed on-words from 1850th.

A hat.

The exhibition is based on  the collection of Alexandre Vassiliev. He is fashion historian, stage designer and collector of Russian origin. There is foundation under his name. The foundation owns nearly 10 000 historical costume from the 18th to the 20th centuries. Two years  ago at Kumu there was a very good exhibition of Art deco style, also from his collection.

The exhibition Poetry and Spleen at the contemporary art museum Kumu in Tallinn Estonia consists 50 costumes and more than 150 accessories and photos.

The Vicorian era got its name from English queen Victorian (1837-1901). The Victorian era has become a symbol of romanticism, conservatism, false moral and the lower social position of women in the 19th century.
Evening dresses decorated with ruffles, ribbons, buttons, tulle cuffs and collar. Fashion house Worth & Bobergh , Paris 1860.

The dark side of 19th romanticism fashion was the corset and uncomfortable metal frames supporting crinolines. Women’s wear was characterized for example by high collars and stiff steel boning in long line bodices and corsets. Tiny wasp waists were emphasized by enormous sleeves.
 The dominant emotion was melancholy.

The exhibition Poetry and Spleen is open until 30th September at Kumu in Tallinn, Estonia.


 
Two-piece grey taffeta dress decorated with dark grey embroidered elements, 1890.








lauantai 9. heinäkuuta 2016

Good morning and good bye – the exhibition tells about the happiness that doesn’t last




The Wedding dress that was never worn. Photos from the exhibition Sirpa Pääkkönen
Good morning bunny, you look so sweet when you are sleeping that I want to come next to you.
This message you can see written on a small piece of paper at the Museum of Broken Relationships in  Helsinki City museum.

That was the time when life was still happy. But what happened?
“He used to write me these cute little  notes on my birthday, when we were going through a rough patch or just to cheer me up on a regular day. We were good together, just not good enough”, writes the woman who got these notes after the break up.
A sweet note.

The Museum of Broken Relationships  is conceptualized by two artist  Olinka Vištica and Dražen Grubišić in Croatia 2006 after their divorce. The museum has since then toured worldwide. The idea is to collect objects and stories which tell about broken relationships. In Finland the exhibition was opened in May.

The objects can be very small and modest. What makes them touching are the stories that people write when they open their hearts.
You can find a baby’s shoe in the exhibition.
“On a one-month anniversary of our relationship we saw a pair of a pair of adorable shoes at children’s store. We bought them and both kept one. We were always coming up with the names of our kids we might have in ten years’ time. Finally, the relationship came to an end after two thirds of those ten years we had always expected to celebrate”,  writes Taoyuan.
A baby's shoe.

It’s not only divorces and betrayals that make the stories touching. There is also death. One of the story tellers was 9 years old when she got an old wood carving form her mother. After that mother died of cancer.

Stories tell about humiliation. “During our time together, he always  wanted me to dress like a dominatrix in bed and – even more important – wear high heels. He constantly spoke unfavourably about everything that was important to me and put me in a bad light. I lost myself in this relationship”, writes  one woman.

The things that remind about the separation can be very simple: a hundred Swedish crowns, broken Donovan single, a passport photo, puppets, a wedding dress that was never worn. The memories behind them are much harder.

An old wood carving.

Museum of Broken Relationship is open at the Helsinki City museum, Aleksanterinkatu 16, until 11th September.
Heels.


torstai 7. heinäkuuta 2016

Hotel like a medieval knight’s castle – Imatra State hotel is one of the most beautiful buildings in Finland




Imatra Sate Hotel. Photos: Sirpa Pääkkönen
Imatra State Hotel is one of the most beautiful buildings in Finland. In the European art nouveau building the style is rich and exciting. All walls are different and details countless. The house has towers and a wide range of windows and ornamentation based on the Finnish topics. For example, the main entrance you can find small reliefs of birds, fox and deer.

The building was designed by Usko Nyström and completed in 1903. The architect  had received from the Senate a free hand to design a new river beach hotel. The condition was that the building was supposed to be made of stone. The previous two wooden hotels were burned.

This room belonged to emperor Nicholas II.
Grand hotel de Cascade was opened in 1903. Later the name was changed to Imatra State hotel. The building was like a medieval knight’s castle. There were 53 different-sized rooms and a large dining room. Material was light-coloured limestone.

The staff was Russian. The spoken languages were Russian and French, not Finnish. Between Vyborg and Imatra there was built a railway at the end of 1800s. Russian nobility went to admire the white-water rapids.
Emperor Nicholas II had a private suite with open views into the foaming rapids.
At its best to Imatra arrived fourteen trains per day from Russia. Masses of tourists came until the beginning of the First World War. Since then, passenger flow dried up.


During the time of Finland’s independence in 1917 the hotel served as a military hospital. During the Second World War the house served as the military administration.
After the war the building was renovated. Between 1985-1987 the building was restored to its original shape and glory. Now it serves as a hotel and there is a little spa.
Restaurant.
The Fox.
The samovar.